Contact Lens Spectrum Supplements

Special Edition 2017

Contact Lens Spectrum

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C O N T A C T L E N S S P E C T R U M S P E C I A L E D I T I O N 2 0 1 7 c l s p e c t r u m . c o m 12 R O N A L D K . WATA N A B E, O D Dr. Watanabe is an associate professor of optometry at the New England College of Optometry. He is a Diplomate in the AAO's Section on Cornea and Contact Lenses and Refractive Technologies and is in private practice in Andover, Mass. You can reach him at watanaber@neco.edu. C ONT ACT LENS DESIGN & MA TERIALS (13.0-mm overall diameter, with a 6.5-mm single-cut GP center) and, unfortunately, tended to fit tightly, causing adherence and corneal edema. It also tore easily at the soft- GP junction. In the late 80s, a larger (14.3mm overall, with an 8.0mm GP center), more viable design was introduced. Available in a number of base curve options, it eventually offered base curves as steep as 6.5mm with a few soft skirt curve options for mild- to-moderate keratoconus patients. However, it was still fairly fragile, tended to fit tightly, and sometimes caused problems due to hypoxia. The Next Generation In the mid-2000s, the FDA cleared a hybrid lens featuring en- tirely new materials and designs. This lens utilized a new technology that could create a much stronger bond between the rigid and soft phases of the lenses, significantly re- ducing the tearing problem of previ- ous hybrids. It used a high-Dk GP center (paflufocon D, Dk of 100) and a low-Dk, 27% water poly-HE- MA hydrogel skirt (Dk of 9). There were designs for both normal and ir- includes a UV blocker, and the soft skirt is made with a novel silicone hydrogel material (hem-larafilcon A, 32% water, Dk of 84) to improve oxygen transmission across the en- tire lens. A refined "normal" cor- nea design using these materials is currently available in both single- vision and multifocal versions. A refined reverse geometry design is also available, as is a design for post- refractive-surgery eyes. Another hybrid design from a French manufacturer is gaining traction outside of the U.S. The lens has a 100-Dk GP center and a 50-Dk silicone hydrogel skirt. Summary Today's hybrid offerings are an important part of contact lens prac- tice. They can be excellent options for both irregular corneas and for patients who have myopia, hypero- pia, astigmatism, and/or presbyopia. Consider hybrids for patients who are looking for the best of both worlds: sharp, GP-caliber optics in a comfortable design. CLS regular corneas, but it was primarily used for irregular corneas because it provided GP optics to patients who really needed them without the edge awareness of GP lenses. About 5 years later, a reverse geometry design innovation was developed to better fit keratoconic corneas that were not successful with previous hybrid designs. With this design, decentered and steeper cones could be fit with relatively flat base curves. This created less pe- ripheral tightness, and a relatively low optical power could be used, resulting in better optical and visual quality. It was also the first hybrid specified by sagittal depth rather than base curve radius, which made lens changes more intuitive. Also at that time, new higher-Dk materials were introduced. The GP material (petrafocon A, Dk of 130) HYBRIDS—THEN AND NOW T he quest for the ultimate contact lens that provides razor- sharp optics and perfect comfort has taken many paths through the past several decades. Rigid lenses have pro- vided superior vision, while soft lenses have been bet- ter for overall comfort. Hybrid lenses have attempted to marry the best of both worlds, incorporating a GP center for vision and a soft periphery for stability and comfort. In the late 1970s, a new technology that could cross-link a soft hydrophilic plastic to a rigid plastic was developed. With it, hybrid lenses were born. In the mid-1980s, the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared the first hybrid lens incorporated a rigid center made of pentasilcon P (Dk of 14) and a 25% water HEMA-based hydrogel skirt. It was relatively small T od a y ' s h y b r i d l e n s o f fe r i n g s a r e a n i m po r t a n t p a r t o f c o n tac t le n s p r ac t i ce .

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